When fiber optic cable came on the telecommunications scene, they were actually not a new technology. Glass has been drawn into fiber for centuries, and for almost two centuries science has been aware that light does not have to travel in a straight line, but could be bent. Using this technology, Alexander Graham Bell actually patented an optical phone system in 1880, but, because the telephone was much easier for mass adoption, given technological capabilities at that time. For the next several decades, scientists continued to focus on this relationship between glass and bending light.
By the 1950s, several scientists were working with concept of using fiber bundles to transmit information. By 1970, inventors were focusing on making optic fibers, and by 1973, Bell Laboratories here in New Jersey had developed a process that would produce ultra-transparent glass that could be mass produced to create low-loss optical fiber. Though there have been improvements to this process, it remains the standard for fiber-optic manufacturing.
Fiber Optic Cabling for New Jersey
They are ideal for high-speed data connections over short distances, as well as transmission over extremely long distances.
By the late 1970s and early 1980s, fibers were being used to replace or expand the telephone communication infrastructure. Improvements to that system have included optical amplifiers built into the cable, which meant a system that could carry up to 100 times more information than if there were electronic amplifiers. That was a step towards the development to all-optic fiber cables. Today, fiber optic cables are a standard in almost all telephony applications, and can be used in a variety of applications, in fields as diverse as telecommunications, industrial, data storage, networking, medical, military, and broadcast.
For business cabling installations, there are several different fiber optic choices. All of these cables are similar to electrical cables, but in addition to wires, they use optical fibers to carry light. The type of fiber optic cable required depends on what applications you are using. They are ideal for high-speed data connections over short distances, as well as transmission over extremely long distances. Indoor applications usually feature an enclosed jacketed fiber, covered in lightweight plastic, and terminated at each end with an optical fiber connector that allows it to be easily connected and disconnected.
While fiber optic cable is capable of incredibly high speeds, it does have some inherent reliability and quality issues that may not make it the best choice in all applications. In addition to the initial fiber strength and its expected aging, whether or not to choose fiber optic cable must also look at the installation process because of the possibility of the stress on the fiber during that process.